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Varicose Veins

Varicose Veins

300X300-VARICOSE

Vein disease is chronic and progressive, and if left untreated can lead to pain, swelling, irreversible skin changes, and even non-healing sores.

A healthy venous system lets blood flow efficiently from your leg veins back to your heart. The superficial veins that return the blood to the heart are known as the Great and Small Saphenous veins. As the valves in these veins become dysfunctional, the blood doesn’t move up, but flows back down toward your feet. This reverse flow is known as reflux. The increase in the pressure from the reverse flow in the saphenous veins leads to increased pressure in the skin veins.

This increased pressure then causes the walls of the skin veins to become weak and thin, causing the veins to bulge. The reflux in the saphenous vein(s) causes pain, swelling, aching, fatigue, burning, itching, skin changes and skin ulcers. There are three main causes to venous disease: heredity, pregnancy, and prolonged sitting or standing.

Why is it necessary to have varicose veins evaluated and treated by a venous expert?

Varicose veins, along with being unsightly, eventually lead to pain, aching, swelling, heaviness, itching, or cramping. Also, clots can form within the veins, leading to phlebitis (inflammation of a vein). Phlebitis causes the area of the clotted vein to become painful, hot and swollen. Untreated varicose veins can lead to leg swelling, venous eczema, skin thickening and ulceration. Treating venous disease prior to the development of these conditions can help avoid unnecessary pain as well as the risk of additional complications.